Hefei is the capital and largest city of the Chinese province of Anhui. A prefecture-level city, it is the political, economic, and cultural center of Anhui. A natural hub of communications, Hefei is situated to the north of Chao Lake and stands on a low saddle crossing the northeastern extension of the Dabie Mountains, which forms the divide between the Huai and Yangtze rivers.
The present-day city dates from the Song dynasty. Before World War II, Hefei remained essentially an administrative centre and the regional market for the fertile plain to the south. It has gone through a growth in infrastructure in recent years. Hefei is the location of Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak, an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor.
Hefei features a humid subtropical climate with four distinct seasons. Hefei's annual average temperature is 16.18 °C. Its annual precipitation is just slightly over 1,000 millimetres, being heavier from May through August. Winters are damp and cold, with January lows dipping just below freezing and January averaging 2.8 °C. The city sees irregular snowfalls that rarely turn significant. Springs are generally relatively pleasant if somewhat erratic. Summers here are oppressively hot and humid, with a July average of 28.3 °C. In the months of June, July, August, and often September, daily temperatures can reach or surpass 37 °C with high humidity levels being the norm. Autumn in Hefei sees a gradual cooling and drying.
Hefei plays an important role in scientific research in China. It has seven national laboratories, second only to Beijing: The National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, the Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, both of which are under the University of Science and Technology of China. It also has the Institute of Solid State Physics, Institute of Plasma Physics, Institute of Intelligent Machines, High Magnetic Field Laboratory (founded in 2008), Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, all of which are under the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science which belongs to the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Before the Chinese civil war, Hefei's main industry was agriculture. After World War II, the capital of Anhui was moved from Anqing to Hefei. To assist the development of the city, many talented people were sent in from other parts of the country. Modern-day Hefei has machinery, electronics, chemistry, steel, textile, and cigarette industries, among others.
In the summer of 2005, the municipal government implemented changes designed to beautify the city by demolishing thousands of illegally built structures, and clearing away long-established marketplaces in many parts of the city. While these actions removed many unlicensed, and often poorly-constructed food stalls which had been contributing to the spread of disease and which posed fire hazards, these changes also removed longstanding businesses that had lined many streets throughout the city overnight. The impact on the local economy was felt immediately as hundreds, if not thousands, of low paid workers no longer had employment.
Hefei was identified by The Economist in December 2012 as the world's No.1 fastest growing metropolitan economy.
|2003||MOU between Daejeon and Hefei|
|Oct. 2010||Hefei Delegation participates in the IAC Opening Ceremony|
|May. 2012||Hefei Delegation participates in the WTA Hi-Tech Fair|
|Sep. 2013||Hefei Delegation participates in the WTA Hi-Tech Fair|
|Nov. 2013||Vice Mayor of Daejeon signs on the 10th anniversary agreement for strengthening cooperation|
|Oct. 2015||Hefei Delegation participates in the World Innovation Forum held in Daejeon|
|Nov. 2016||Hefei Delegation participates in the WTA Hi-Tech Fair|
|Sep. 2017||Hefei Delegation participates in the 2017 Daejeon APCS|
|Nov. 2018||Youth Sports Exchange between two cities|
|Sep. 2019||Sports Exchange between Daejeon- Sister cities of China|