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Jinan, People's Republic of China
(From 2011 to now)
  • Location : Jinan City Within Shandong Province
  • Population : 8,700,000
  • Area : 8,177㎢
  • Website:

Jinan is the capital of Shandong province in Eastern China. The area of present-day Jinan has played an important role in the history of the region from the earliest beginnings of civilization and has evolved into a major national administrative, economic, and transportation hub. The city has held sub-provincial administrative status since 1994. Jinan is often called the "Spring City" for its famous 72 artesian springs.


Jinan has a humid subtropical, considering a normal isotherm of −3 °C, or a humid continental climate, considering an isotherm of 0 °C but favoring the former, with four well-defined seasons. The city is dry and nearly rainless in spring, hot and rainy in summer, crisp in autumn and dry and cold(with little snow) in winter. The average annual temperature is 14.70 °C.


Jinan is renowned across China for its numerous springs, the lakes fed by the spring water, and the weeping willows that grow along the water edges. The late-Qing author Liu E describes Jinan's cityscape in his novel "The Travels of Lao Can" (written 1903–04, published in 1907) as "Every family has spring water, every household has a willow tree". Jinan was also the historical center of Buddhist culture for the whole province which is still manifest in the many historic sites that are left behind in its southern counties.


With the shift of the Yellow River to a new bed right to the north of Jinan in 1852 and the establishment of a railroad hub, the city became a major market for agricultural products from the productive farming regions to the north. Following the trade in agricultural goods, the city developed a textile and clothing industry, flour mills, oil presses, as well as factories producing paper, cement, and matches. In the 1950s, large iron and steel works as well as chemical factories were established around Jinan. The large metal works produce pig iron, ingot steel, as well as finished steel.

Jinan has a pool of high-quality labor resources. There are 18 universities and colleges in the city where more than 200,000 students are studying. Among the over 200 research institutes in the city, 10 are national laboratories.

The focus on technology-intensive industries has transformed Jinan from a city supported by heavy industry and textiles to a city with more diverse industrial structure. Information Technology, transportation tools, home appliances, and bio-engineered products, among others, have become important components of the area's industry.

History of Exchanges

History of Exchanges
Oct. 2018 Jinan joins the WTA
June. 2011 MOU between Jinan and Daejeon city
Oct. 2011 Daejeon participates in the cultural event among international exchange cities of Jinan
Mar. 2012 Jinan delegation participates in the WACS in Daejeon
Aug. 2012 Youth Soccer team participates in Youth soccer game in Daejeon
Aug. 2013 Daejeon Delegation participates in the Spring Water Forum held in Jinan
April. 2014 Mayor of Jinan visits Daejeon
Sep. 2014 Daejeon Delegation visits exhibition of books from sister and friendly cities held in Jinan
Sep. 2015 Meeting for strengthening cooperation between two cities
June. 2016 Policy Training Group of Jinan visits Daejeon city government
Sep. 2017 Jinan Delegation participates in the 2017 Daejeon APCS